The Impact of Solution-Focused Brief Group Psychological Counseling on University Students’ Burnout Levels
pp. 28-43 | Published Online: December 2014 | DOI: 10.12973/unibulletin.312.3
Azmi Bayram Ilbay, Ahmet Akin
This research was done to analyze the effects of Coping with Burnout Program, developed on the basis of Solution-Focused Brief Therapy on the burnout levels of university students. To select the subjects that would participate in the research, Maslach Burnout Inventory–Student Survey was applied on 461 university students from the University of Sakarya. As a result of pre-interviews, 24 students who had experienced student burnout voluntarily participated in a Coping with Burnout Program. The students were randomly appointed to one of the experimental and control groups. At this stage, a six-session Coping with Burnout Program developed by the researcher was applied on the students from the experimental group. No application was performed on the students from the control group. A 2x3 design (experimental/ control groups X pretest/ posttest/ follow up) was used in the research. The scores from the Maslach Burnout Inventory–Student Survey formed the dependent variable of the research, and the application of Coping with Burnout Program formed the independent variable of the research. The scale used in the research was applied on the groups as pretest two weeks before the sessions started, and as posttest two weeks after the sessions ended, and as follow-up two months after the posttest in order to determine the resistance of the experimental process. In the analysis of the data obtained through these processes, two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine whether or not there was a significant difference between groups and the survey. The data obtained through the research proved that the Coping with Burnout Program decreased the burnout levels of the students in the experimental group as were determined with the Maslach Burnout Inventory–Student Survey, and follow up tests showed that the situation remained the same. It was seen that there was no significant difference between the scores of the participants of the control group from pretest, posttest and follow up test.
Keywords: solution-focused brief therapy, coping with burnout program, student burnoutReferences
Akin, A., Saricam, H., Demirci, I., Yalniz, A., Yildiz, B., & Usta, F. (2013). The adaptation of School Burnout Inventory (SBI) to Turkish and its psychometric properties. Istanbul Psychological Counselling and Guidance. 8-11 September, Istanbul.
Ari, G. S., & Bal, E. C. (2008). Tükenmişlik kavrami: Birey ve orgutler acisindan onemi. Yonetim ve Ekonomi, 15(1), 131-148.
Atkinson, C. (2007). Using solution-focused approaches in motivational interviewing with young people. Pastoral Care, 25(2), 31-37.
Aypay, A., & Eryilmaz, A. (2011). Relationships of high school students’ subjective well-being and school burnout. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(1), 181-199.
Balkis, M. (2013). The relationship between academic procrastination and students’ burnout. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 28(1), 68-78.
Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundation of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. NJ: Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall.
Bas, G. (2013). İlkogretim ogrencilerinde tukenmislik: Farkli degiskenler acisindan bir degerlendirme. Journal of European Education, 2, 31-46.
Basoren, M. (2005). Cesitli degiskenlere gore rehber ogretmenlerin tukenmislik duzeylerinin incelenmesi (Unpublished master’s thesis). ZKU, SB Enstitusu.
Berg, I. K., & Steiner, T. (2003). Children solution work. WW Norton.
Bilgin, S., & Gozum, S. (2009). Reducing burnout in mothers with an intellectually disabled child: an education programme. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65(12), 2552-2561.
Buyukozturk, S. (2011). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
Capri, B., Gunduz, B., & Gokcakan, Z. (2011). Maslach Tukenmislik Envanteri-Ogrenci Formunun Turkce’ye uyarlamasi: Gecerlik ve guvenirlik calismasi. Cukurova Universitesi Egitim Fakultesi Dergisi, 40(1), 134-147.
Capulcuoglu, U., & Gunduz, B. (2013). Ogrenci tukenmisligini yordamada stresle basa cikma, sinav kaygisi, akademik yetkinlik ve anne-baba tutumlari. Stres ve Basacikma. Egitim Bilimleri Arastirmalari Dergisi, 3, 201-218.
Ceyhan, E. (2009). Psychological characteristics of Turkish university students applying the counseling center. EDULEARN 09, Barcelona, Spain, July 6-8.
Ceyhan, E., & Ceyhan, A. A. (2008). Investigation of loneliness and depression of the students applying the university counseling center. Meeting of the Paris International Conference on Education, Economy and Society, Analytics, Paris, France. July 17-19.
Cherniss, C. (1980). Professional burnout in human service organizations. NY: Praeger.
Coban, A. E., & Hamamci, Z. (2008). Stresle basa cikma programinin psikolojik danismanlarin mesleki tukenmislik duzeyleri uzerine etkisi. Ilkogretim Online, 7(3), 600-613.
Corcoran, J., & Stephenson, M. (2000). The effectiveness of solution-focused therapy with child behavior problems: A preliminary report. Families in Society: The Journal Of Contemporary Social Services, 81(5), 468-474.
Corey, G. (2008). Psikolojik Danisma Kuram ve Uygulamalari (T. Ergene, Trans.) Ankara: Metis.
De Jong, P. D., & Berg, I. K. (1998). Interviewing for solutions. Washington: Brooks/Cole.
De Shazer, S. (1985). Key to solution in brief therapy. New York: Norton.
De Shazer, S. (1987). Minimal elegance; the family therapy. Networker.
Dunya Saglik Orgutu (1998). Dunya saglik raporu. (B. Metin, A. Akin, & I. Gungor, Trans.) Ankara: Saglik Bakanligi Saglik Projesi Genel Koordinatorluğu, 45-57.
Duygun, T., & Sezgin, N. (2003). Zihinsel engelli ve saglikli cocuk annelerinde stres belirtileri, stresle basacikma tarzlari ve algilanan sosyal destegin tukenmislik duzeyine olan etkisi. Turk Psikoloji Dergisi,18(52), 37-52.
Dyrbye, L. N., Thomas, M. R., Harper, W., Massie, F. S., Jr, Power, D. V., & Eacker, A. (2009). The learning environment and medical student burnout: A multicentre study. Medical Education, 43, 274-282.
Dyson, R., & Renk, K (2006). Freshmen adaptation to university life: depressive symptoms, stress, and coping. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(10), 1231-1244.
Ebrinc, S., Acikel, C., Basoglu, C., Cetin, M., & Celikoz, B. (2002). Yanik merkezi hemsirelerinin anksiyete, depresyon, is doyumu, tukenme ve stresle basa cikma: karsilaştirmali bir calisma. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 3, 162-168.
Ergun, M. (1995). Bilimsel arastirmalarda bilgisayarla istatistik uygulamalari. Ankara: Ocak Yayinlari.
Erturgut, R., & Soysekerci, S. (2010). An empirical analysis on burnout levels among second year vocational schools students. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 1399-1404.
Esen Coban, A., & Demir, A. (2007). The effect of structured peer consultation program on school counselor burnout in Turkey. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7, 3774-3779.
Fimian, M. J., & Blanton, L. P. (1987). Stress, burnout, and role problems among teachers, trainees and first-year teachers. Journal of Occupational Behaviour, 8, 157 165.
Franklin, C., Streeter, C., Kim, J., & Tripodi, S. (2007). The effectiveness of a solution-focused, public alternative school for dropout prevention and retrieval. Children and Schools, 29(3), 133-144.
Friedman, I. A. (2002). Burnout in school principals: Role-related antecedents. Social Psychology of Education, 5, 229-251.
Folkman, S., & Moskowitz, J. T. (2004). Coping: Pitfalls and promise. Annual Reviews of Psychology. 55, 745-774.
Guduk, M., Erol, S., Yagcibulut, O., Ugur, Z., Ozvaris, S. B., & Aslan, D. (2005). Ankara’da bir tip fakultesinde okuyan son sinif ogrencilerde tukenmislik sendromu. Surekli Tip Egitimi Dergisi, 14(8), 169-173.
Gunduz, B., Capri, B., & Gokcakan, Z. (2012). Universite ogrencilerinin tukenmislik duzeylerinin incelenmesi. DU Ziya Gokalp Egitim Fakultesi Dergisi, 19, 38-55.
Gunduz, B., Tunc, B., & Inandi, Y. (2013). Okul yoneticilerinin ofke ve stresle basacikma yaklasimlari ile çatisma yonetimi stilleri arasındaki iliski. International Journal of Human Sciences, 10(1), 641-660.
Guner, O. (2011). Cozum Bende Sakli. Istanbul: Efil yayinlari.
Ilbay, A. B. (2014). Cozum odakli kisa sureli grupla psikolojik danismanın universite ogrencilerinin tukenmislik duzeyleri uzerindeki etkisi . Sakarya Universitesi, Egitim Bilimleri Enstitusu.
Jenkins, R., & Elliott, P. (2004). Stressors, burnout and social support: Nurses in acute mental health settings. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 48(6), 622-631.
Kalimo, R., Pahkin, K., Mutanen, P., & Toppinen-Tanner, S. (2003). Staying well or burning out at work. Work and Stress, 17(2), 109-122.
Kaya, M., Uner, S., Karanfil, E., Uluyol, R., Yuksel, F., & Yuksel, M. (2007). Birinci basamak saglik calisanlarinin tukenmislik durumlari. Koruyucu Hekimlik Bulteni, 6(5), 357-363.
Kennedy B. C. 2005 Stress and burnout of nursing staff working with geriatric clients in long-term careJournal of Nursing Scholarship, 37 381-383
Kubiatko, M., & Arik, R. S. (2014). Comparison of the Effects of Gender Variable on Attitudes Towards the Teaching Profession by Random and Fixed Effects Model: Meta-Analysis. Educational Process: International Journal, 3(1-2), 52-64.
Kutsal, D. (2009). Lise ogrencilerinin tukenmisliklerinin incelenmesi (Unpublished master’s thesis). Hacettepe Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu.
Laursen, B., Bukowski, W. M., Nurmi, J. E., Marion, D., Salmela-Aro, K., & Kiuru, N. (2010). Opposites detract: Middle school peer group antipathies. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology,106(4), 240-256.
Lazarus, R. S. (2000). Toward better research on stress and coping. American Psychologist, 55, 665-673.
Lee, J., Puig, A., Kim, Y. B., Shin, H., Lee, J. H., & Lee, S. M. (2010). Academic burnout in profiles Korean adolescents. Stress and Health Journal, 26(5), 404-416.
Leiter, M. P., & Maslach, C. (1988). The impact of interpersonal environment on burnout and organizational commitment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 9, 297-308.
Levinson, H. (1996). Burnout. Harvard Business Review, July-August, 153-161.
Littrell, J. M., Malia, J. A., & Vanderwood, M. (1995). Single-session brief counseling in a high school. Journal of Counseling and Development, 73(4), 451-458.
Maslach, C., & Goldberg, J. (1998). Prevention of burnout: new perspectives. Applied and preventive psychology, 7(1), 63-74.
Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1981). The measurement of experienced burnout. Journal of Occupational Behavior, 2(1), 99-113.
Maslach, C., & Leiter, M. P. (1997). The truth about burnout: How organizations cause personal stress and what to do about it. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job Burnout. Annual Reviews of Psychology, 52(1), 397-422.
McCranie, E. W., & Brandsma, J. M. (1988). Personality antecedents of burnout among middle-aged physicians.Behavioral Medicine,14(1), 30-36.
McManus, I. C., Winder, B., & Paice, E. (2002). How consultants, hospitals, trusts and deaneries affect pre‐registration house officer posts. Medical Education, 36(1), 35-44.
Meier, S. T., & Schmeck, R. R. (1985). The Burned-Out College Student: A Descriptive Profile. Journal of College Student Personnel, 26(1), 63-69.
Newsome, W. S. (2004). SFBT Groupwork with at-risk junior high school students: Enhancing the bottom line. Research on Social Work Practice, 14(5), 336-343.
Oren, N., & Turkoglu, H. (2006). Ogretmen adaylarinda tukenmislik. Mugla Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Ensitusu Dergisi, 1(16).
Papadopoulou, V., & Yirci, R. (2013). Rethinking Decentralization in Education in terms of Administrative Problems. Educational Process: International Journal, 2(1-2), 7-18.
Pines, A. M., & Aronson, E. (1988). Career bumout: Causes and cures. New York: Free Press.
Salanova, M., Schaufeli, W. B., Martinez, I., & Breso, E. (2009). How obstacles and facilitators predict academic performance: The mediating role of study burnout and engagement. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping an International Journal, 23(1), 53-70.
Salmela-Aro, K., Savolainen, H., & Holopainen, L. (2009). Depressive symptoms
Saricam, H. (2012, April). The examination of the relationship between burnout and emotional abuse in academic personnel and their reactions in these situations. Paper presented at the International Conference on Workplace Emotional Abuse, Izmir, Turkey.
Saricam, H., Gulbahce, A., & Gulbahce, O. (2012, May). The examination of the relationship between burnout and emotional abuse in counselor. Paper presented at the International Counseling and Education Conference (ICEC), Istanbul, Turkey.
Saricam, H., & Sakiz, H. (2014). Burnout and teacher self-efficacy among teachers working in special education institutions in Turkey. Educational Studies, 40(4), 423-437.
Schaufeli, W. B., & Greenglass, E. R. (2001). Introduction to special issue on burnout and health. Psychology & Health, 16(5), 501-510.
Schaufeli, W. B., Salanova, M., González-Romá, V., & Bakker, A. B. (2002). The measurement of engagement and burnout: A two sample confirmatory factor analytic approach. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3, 71-92.
Schaufeli, W. B., & Taris, T. W. (2005). The conceptualization and measurement of burnout: common ground and worlds apart. Work and Stress, 19(3), 256-262.
Sears, S. F., Urizar, G. G., & Evans, G. D. (2000). Examing a stress-coping model of burnout and depression in extension agents. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(1), 56-62.
Selekman, D. M. (2005). Pathaws change, brief therapy with difficult adolescents. New York: Guildford.
Sever, A. (1997). Hemsirelerin is stresi ile basa cikma yollari ve bunun sonuclarinin arastirilmasi. . Istanbul Universitesi Saglik Bilimleri Enstitusu.
Sklare, G. B. (2010). Okul danismanlari icin cozüm odakli kisa sureli psikolojik danisma. Ankara: Pegem Yayincilik.
Somerfield, M. R., & McCrae, R. R. (2000). Stress and coping research: methodological challenges, theoretical advances. American Psychologist, 55, 620-625.
Taormina, R. J., & Law, C.M. (2000). Approaches to preventing burnout. Journal of Nursing Management, 8(2), 89-99.
Topkaya, N. (2012). Yeniden evlenen aileler: Yaşanan sorunlar ve çözüm önerileri. Üniversitepark Bülten, 1(1).
Topkaya, N. (2013). Modern çağın yaygın hastalığı: Depresyon. Üniversitepark Bülten, 2(2).
Torun, A. (1997). Endustri ve orgut psikolojisi icinde stres ve tukenmislik. Ankara: Turk Psikologlar Dernegi Yayinlari.
Tukaiev, S., Piskorska, V., Natalya G., & Tatyana V. (2011). Formation of syndrome of emotional burnout in first-year students. psychology. Psychophysiology, 48, Special Issue-1, 66-67.
Tunc, A. & Gunduz B. (2010). Maslach tukenmislik modeline dayali müdahale calismalarinin incelenmesi. Ege Eğitim Dergisi, 11(1), 84-106.
Voltan-Acar, N. (2012). Grupla psikolojik danisma ilke ve teknikleri. Ankara: Nobel Yayin.
Walter, J. L., & Peller, J. E. (1992). Becoming solution-focused in brief therapy. New York: Bruner/Mazel Publisher.
Woolfolk, R. L., & Allen, L. A. (2007). Treating somatization: A cognitive-behavioral approach. New York: Guilford Press.
Yang, H. J., & Farn, C. K. (2005). An investigation the factors affecting MIS student burnout in technical-vocational college. Computers in Human Behavior, 21, 917-932.
Yılmaz, K. (2013). 10 soruda 4+4+4 eğitim sistemi. Üniversitepark Bülten, 2(2).
Call for Papers
UNIBULLETIN is calling for submissions to the Vol. 8, Issue 2, 2019.
Authors are invited to submit papers from the broader fields of the social sciences and related disciplines in the international context.
All submissions should be presented only in English. Manuscripts should be send to the Editor-in-Chief via e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org