Factors Affecting the Growth of Women-Operated Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) in Ethiopia
pp. 56-66 | Published Online: May 2017 | DOI: 10.22521/unibulletin.2017.61.5
Fesseha Mulu Gebremariam
The study employed secondary sources to identify factors that challenge the growth of the women-operated Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) in Ethiopia. MSEs play an important role in creating employment opportunities mainly for the urban youth and women, serve as an engine to transform economies from agricultural-led to industrial-led, and are considered the best mechanisms by which citizens accumulate capital and empower women economically. However, in developing countries like Ethiopia, female entrepreneurs are facing various challenges in their day-to-day lives just because of their gender. Financial problems, lack of managerial and entrepreneurial skills, workplace and marketing problems, inadequacy of infrastructural facilities, unpredictable supply of raw materials are among the problems they face. In order to alleviate the situation, the Government of Ethiopia should provide female entrepreneurs with access to credit, supply them with a place to work, create a market link for MSEs with raw material suppliers, medium and large firms, make capacity-building training available to improve their business management skills, and provide information on market opportunities and appropriate/improved technologies.
Keywords: employment opportunities, growth, micro enterprises, small enterprises, transform economies, women-operatedReferences
Abrha, H, T. (2014). The Contribution of Micro and Small Enterprises to Local Economic Development: Evidence from Coffee Houses of Mekelle City. Master’s thesis, Mekelle University, Ethiopia.
Amha, W., & Narayana, P. (2004). Review of the Microfinance Industry in Ethiopia: Regulatory Framework and Performance. Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Ministry of Trade and Industry.
Bloem, J. (2012). Micro, 'Small,' Medium ‘Enterprise'(MSME)' Definitions. Grand Rapids, MI: Partners Worldwide.
Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia. (2015). Report on Small Scale Manufacturing Industries Survey. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: CSA.
Chemeda, D. (2003). Micro and Small Handicrafts Development Constraints, Export Potentials and Opportunities. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Clack, E. (2014). Exploring Factors That Sustain Successful Women-Owned Informal Micro Businesses in the Western Cape. Master’s thesis, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Dababneh, R., & Tukan, F. (2007). Booklet of Standardized Small and Medium Enterprises Definition. Washington DC, USA: United States Agency for International Development.
Doguwa, I. S., Olowofeso, O. E., & Essien, S. N. (2011). Business Outlook of Small, Medium and Large Scale Enterprises: Implications for Monetary Policy in Nigeria. Irving Fisher Committee (IFC) Bulletin, 34, 235-247.
Drbie, M., & Kassahun, T. (2013). Deterrents to the Success of Micro and Small Enterprises in Akaki-Kality Sub-City. Journal of Business and administrative Studies, 5(2), 1-33.
Ethiopian Economics Association [EEA]. (2015). Small and Micro Enterprises (SMEs) Development in Ethiopia: Policies, Performances, Constraints and Prospects. Ethiopian Economics Association.
European Commission. (2005). The New SME Definition: User Guide and Model Declaration. Brussels: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia [FDRE]. (2011). Micro and Small Enterprise Development Strategy, provision Framework and Methods of Implementation. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Gelata, S. D. (2013). Socio-Economic Contributions of Micro and Small Enterprises: The Case of Jimma Town. Science, Technology & Arts Research Journal, 2(2), 123-134.
Girma, G. (2015). Factors Affecting the Performance of Women Entrepreneurs in Micro and Small Enterprises in Gulele Sub-City. Master’s thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
International Labor Organization. (2014). Decent Work Country Programme (2014-15) –Ethiopia. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labor organization.
Jagero, N., & Kushoka, I. (2011). Challenges Facing Women Micro Entrepreneurs in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 1(2), 1-9
Kahsu, S. (2015). An Analysis of Micro and Small Enterprise (MSE) Profile: A Case of MSE Units in Mekelle. Journal of Business Management & Social Sciences Research (JBM&SSR), 4(4), 342-350.
Kenya Association of Manufacturers. (2009). Market Access for SMEs through Private and Public Procurement in Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya.
Lenjisa, M. (2014). Assessing Factors Affecting Transitional Development of Small Scale To Medium Scale Enterprise in Sebeta Town: Challenges, Opportunities and Prospects. Master’s thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Menda, S. (2015). The Role of Micro and Small Scale Business Enterprises in Urban Poverty Alleviation: A Case Study on Cobble Stone Paving Sector in Addis Ababa City. Master’s thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises of India. (2015). Micro Small & Medium Enterprises Development (Amendment) Bill. http://www.prsindia.org/billtrack/the-micro-small-and-medium-enterprises-development-amendment-bill-2015-3750/
Mwobobia, M. F. (2012). The Challenges Facing Small-Scale Women Entrepreneurs: A Case of Kenya. International Journal of Business Administration, 3(2), 112-121.
National MSME Collaborative Survey. (2010). Survey Report on National Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Nigeria: Preliminary Report. Nigeria.
OECD. (2005). OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Outlook. Paris: Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development.
Osotimehin, O. K., Jegede, C. A., Akinlabi, B. H., & Olajide, O. T. (2012). An Evaluation of the Challenges and Prospects of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises Development in Nigeria. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 2(4), 174-185.
Rudjito, M. (2003). Financing Challenges of Small and Medium Enterprise from the Policy Perspective. In Proceedings of PECC Finance Forum, Hua Hin, Thailand.
Tefera, H., Gebremichael, A., & Abera, N. (2013). Growth Determinants of Micro and Small Enterprises: Evidence from Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 4(9), 127-135.
Wasihun, R., & Paul, P. (2010). Growth Determinants of Women-Operated Micro and Small Enterprises in Addis Ababa. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 12(6), 233-246.
Call for Papers
UNIBULLETIN is calling for submissions to the Vol. 8, Issue 1, 2019.
Authors are invited to submit papers from the broader fields of the social sciences and related disciplines in the international context.
All submissions should be presented only in English. Manuscripts should be send to the Editor-in-Chief via e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Submission Deadline: March 31, 2019.