Beyond Science and Technology: The need to incorporate Environmental Ethics to solve Environmental Problems
pp. 66-75 | Published Online: January 2018 | DOI: 10.22521/unibulletin.2018.71.6
Fesseha Mulu and Yohannes Eshetu
The emergence and development of science and technology has been critical in improving the lives of mankind. It helps mankind to cope with a number of manmade and natural challenges and disasters. Science cannot totally diminish the level of human dependency on nature; but, with the existing availability of natural resources, science has increased our productivity. However, science and technology can also have its own negative impacts on the natural environment. For the purpose of increasing productivity and satisfying human needs, humans have been egoistically exploiting nature but disregarding the effects of their activities on nature. Science has also been trying its level best to mitigate the negative effects that results from mankind’s exploitation of nature. However, science alone is incapable of solving all environmental problems. This desk research employs secondary sources of data, and argues that environmental ethics should come to the fore in order to address the gap left by science with regard to resolving environmental problems that mankind faces today.
Keywords: environmental ethics, human needs, natural environment, natural resources, science and technologyReferences
Allaby, M. (2000). Basics of Environmental Science (2nd ed.). London/New York: Routledge.
Ausubel, J. H., Frosch, R. A., & Herman, R. (1989). Technology and environment: An overview. In J. H. Ausubel & H. E. Sladovich (Eds.), Technology and Environment (pp. 1*-22). Washington DC: National Academic press.
Callicott, J. B. (1994). Earth’s Insights: A Survey of Ecological Ethics from the Mediterranean Basin to the Australian Outback. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Des Jardins, J. R. (1993). Environmental Ethics: An Introduction to Environmental Philosophy. Belmont, California: Wadsworth.
Henderson, D. E. (1993). Science, Environmental Values, and Political Prescription. In M. J. Gillroy (Ed.), Environmental Risk, Environmental Values, and Political Choices: Beyond Efficiency Trade-offs in Public Policy Analysis (p. 180). Colorado: West View Press.
Hughes, J. (2000). Ecology and Historical Materialism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jacobs, M. (1999). Sustainable Development as a Contested Concept. In A. Dobson (Ed.), Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Sustainability and Social Justice. New York: Associated University Press.
Kelbessa, W. (2003). Environmental Ethics in Theory and Practical Application. Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities, 1(1), 63-88.
Leopold, A. (2003). The Land ethic. In A. Light & R. Holmes III (Eds.), Environmental Ethics: An Anthology (pp. 38-46). (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Oruka, O. H. (1997). Practical Philosophy. In Search of an Ethical Minimum. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers.
Pearce, D (2002). Technology, Environment and Sustainable Development: What role for technology policy? In Technology Policy and the Environment (pp. 15-26). Paris: OECD.
Singer, P. (1993). Practical Ethics (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stenmark, M. (2002). Environmental Ethics and Policy-Making. Burlington: Blackwell.
UNEP. (n.d.). Technology and the environment. TUNZA, The UNEP Magazine for Youth. Retrieved from www.unep.org.
U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. (1994). Perspectives on the Role of Science and Technology in Sustainable Development, OTA-ENV-609. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
White, L., Jr. (2001). The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis. New York: Associated University Press.
Wild, S. (1996). Die Welt des Islams. Islamic Enlightenment in the 18th Century? 36(3), 271-275.
World Commission on Environment and Development. (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Call for Papers
UNIBULLETIN is calling for submissions to the Vol. 7, Issue 2, 2018.
Authors are invited to submit papers from the broader fields of the social sciences and related disciplines in the international context.
All submissions should be presented only in English. Manuscripts should be send to the Editor-in-Chief via e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Submission Deadline: June 30, 2018.