Volume 7 Issue 2 (2018)

Future Possibilities for Transitional Justice in Somalia

pp. 108-118  |  Published Online: July 2018  |  DOI: 10.22521/unibulletin.2018.72.3

Muhammed Hamid Muhammed


Societies emerging from violent civil war and conflict face a dilemma as to what comes first between peace and justice. Practical experiences, however, show that usually peace processes are more prioritized than the issue of justice. Nevertheless, peace processes can be sustainable only if the issues of justice are integrated. The incorporation of justice will resolve the issue of violent crime, crimes against humanity, and gross human rights violations committed throughout the conflict. Somalia, as a country passing through such a phase, needs to facilitate the process of peace and justice cohesively. The way justice is served in a transitional society is known as transitional justice. Transitional justice mechanisms enable transitional societies to address the issue of victims and perpetrators of violent crime. This paper highlights the Somalia conflict from a historical dimension and transitional justice mechanisms that could be applied in Somalia. Methodologically, the paper, solely follows a desk review method.

Keywords: human rights violations, transition justice, Ad hoc tribunals, Shari’ah, Xeer


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