Volume 8 Issue 1 (2019)

Pedagogical Analysis of the Role Models Chosen by High School Students

pp. 63-75  |  Published Online: September 2019  |  DOI: 10.22521/unibulletin.2019.81.5

Necdet Aykac and Hilal Bilgin


It is considered that role models have a significant influence on individuals’ personality development, academic and occupational careers, social lives and lifestyles. In this sense, the purpose of this study is to determine the role models taken by high school students and to analyze them pedagogically. One of the qualitative research models, case study, was employed in the study. A semi-structured interview form was developed as a data collection tool and was applied to 374 high school students. Content analysis was utilized in order to analyze the data. According to the results, it was identified that the high school students adopted mostly famous people from TV or social media as role models. However, it was also determined that teachers took the lowest place among the role models. Additionally, the students mentioned that they considered fame and prestige as the most important factors when determining their role models. Finally, it was seen that the high school students chose different role models when compared in terms of their grade and school type.

Keywords: Role models, pedagogical analysis, high school students


Ayrancı, U., Kosgeroglu, N., & Gunay, Y. (2004). Determining the violence rating in the movies displayed at the time the children watch television most. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 5(3), 133-140.

Azmi, S. A., Ahmad, A., Khalique, N., & Khan, Z. (2014). Role models and occupational ambitions of in-school male adolescents. Industrial Psychiatry Journal23(1), 36-40.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A., & Walters, R. H. (1977). Social learning theory (Vol. 1). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Basow, S. A., & Howe, K. G. (1980). Role-model influence: Effects of sex and sex-role attitude in college students. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 4(49), 558-572.

Buyukozturk, S., Kılıc-Cakmak, E., Akgün, O. E., Karadeniz, S., & Demirel, F. (2012). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri (11. Baskı). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.

Cesur, S., & Paker, O. (2007). Television and children: Children’s preferences of TV programs and genres. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 6(19), 106-125.

Christiansen, J. B. (1979). Television role models and adolescent occupational goals. Human Communication Research, 5(4), 335-337.

Creswell, J. W. (2015). Nitel araştırma yöntemleri: Beş yaklaşıma göre nitel araştırma ve araştırma deseni (M. Bütün & S. B. Demir, Trans.). Ankara: Siyasal Kitabevi.

Cuceloglu, D. (2002). İnsan ve davranışı: Psikolojinin temel kavramları. İstanbul: Remzi Kitabevi.

Erjem, Y., & Çaglayandereli, M. (2006). Television and youth: The effects of national television serials on the role modelling behaviors of youngsters. Cumhuriyet University Journal of Social Sciences, 30(1), 15-30.

Gauntlett, D. (2008). Media, gender and identity: An introduction. UK: Routledge.

Kagıtcıbası, C. (2005). İnsan ve insanlar. İstanbul: Evrim Yayınları.

Kelman, H. C. (1961). Processes of opinion change. Public Opinion Quarterly, 25(1), 57-78.

King, M. M., & Multon, K. D. (1996). The effects of television role models on the career aspirations of African-American junior high school students. Journal of Career Development, 23(2), 111-125.

Korkmaz, İ. (2012). Sosyal öğrenme kuramı. In B. Yeşilyaprak (Ed.), Eğitim psikolojisi: Gelişim-öğrenme-öğretim. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.

Lockwood, P. (2006). Someone like me can be successful: Do college students need same-gender role models. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 30(1), 36-46.

Lockwood, P., & Kunda, Z. (1997). Superstars and me: Predicting the impact of role models on the self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(1), 91-103.

Merriam, S. B. (2013). Nitel araştırma: Desen ve uygulama için bir rehber (S. Turan, Trans.). Ankara: Nobel Yayınları.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook of new methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Oruc, C., Tecim, E., & Ozyurek, H. (2011). . Ekev akademi Dergisi, 15(48), 303-319.

Paredes, V. (2014). A teacher like me or a student like me? Role model versus teacher bias effect. Economics of Education Review, 39, 38-49.

Parker, W. M., & Lord, S. L. (1993). Characteristics of role models for young African American men: An exploratory survey. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 21(2), 97-105.

Patton, M. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Schunk, D. H. (1987). Peer models and children’s behavioral change. Review of Educational Research, 57(2), 149-174.

Schunk, D. H. (2014). Eğitimsel bir bakışla öğrenme teorileri (M. Şahin, Trans., Ed.). Ankara: Nobel Yayınları.

Senemoglu, N. (2012). Gelişim öğrenme ve öğretim: Kuramdan uygulamaya. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.

Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2011). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.

Zimmerman, B. J. (1977). Modeling. In H. Hom & P. Robinson (Eds.), Psychological processes in early education (pp. 37-70). New York: Academic.

Zirkel, S. (2002). Is there a place for me? Role models and academic identity among white students and students of color. Teachers College Record104(2), 357-376.



► New issue coming soon! (Volume 13 Issue 1, 2024)

Call for Papers

UNIBULLETIN is calling for submissions. Authors are invited to submit papers from the all fields of the Education (General) and Social Sciences (General) in the international context. All submissions should be presented only in English.